Law Name：Regulations Governing Review of Applications for Reservation of Corporate Names and Business Scopes
Promulgated on June 26, 1992
Amended on July 07, 1999
Amended on January 30, 2002
Amended on September 29, 2004
Amended on November 24, 2004
Amended on July 01, 2009
Amended on November 30, 2015
These Regulations have been enacted pursuant to the provisions set forth in Paragraph 5, Article 18 of the Company Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Act”).
Prior to incorporating a company or applying for an amendment to the corporate registration of an existing company that reflects a (new) corporate name and/or business scope, the applicant shall submit an application to the Ministry of Economic Affairs (hereinafter referred to as the "MOEA") to reserve a corporate name and business scope (hereinafter referred to as the "Reservation Application").
A Reservation Application may be filed through network transmission.
A Reservation Application may be filed by any of the following applicants:
1.Incorporation Registration: The applicant shall be one of the promoters of the proposed company limited by shares, a shareholder of the proposed limited company, an unlimited-liability shareholder of the proposed unlimited company with limited liability shareholders, or an unlimited-liability shareholder of the proposed unlimited company. If the applicant is a juristic person, the name of its statutory representative or of the representative to be designated by the applicant to exercise its rights as a shareholder of the company to be incorporated shall be stated in the Reservation Application.
2.Amendment to Corporate Registration: The applicant shall be the registered representative of the company at the time of filing.
3.Foreign Company: The applicant shall be the foreign company's designated litigious and non-litigious agent or the manager of the branch to be incorporated in the territory of the Republic of China.Only a certified public accountant or an attorney-at-law can be designated as an agent to file the Reservation Application on behalf of the applicant.
A Reservation Application is not required to be filed in the case of narrowing the registered business scope as long as the circumstance described in Paragraph 3, Article 9 of these Regulations or in the case of changing the form of its organization in accordance with the Act.
A Reservation Application shall be typed in the format stipulated by the MOEA and shall contain no more than five (5) proposed corporate names.
The reservation shall be valid for six (6) months from the date of the approval of the Reservation Application; said term can be extended once for one month if an application for extension is filed prior to the expiration of the initial term.
If a company requires more time to prepare for its business operations pursuant to the applicable laws or regulations, due to the nature of the business involved, or because other legal procedure(s) or registration(s) is (are) required before completing the proposed registration, the MOEA shall otherwise notify the applicant of the term of reservation.
If a company's registration application is not filed during the term of reservation set forth in the preceding two paragraphs, the approval of the Reservation Application shall become null and void.
The applicant of any approved Reservation Application is not permitted to be replaced during the term of reservation, unless a justifiable cause is submitted to and approved by the competent authority.
Corporate names shall be in Chinese characters that can be found in the "Chinese Dictionary" compiled and published by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China, the "Chinese Thesaurus", the "Collective Dictionary of Chinese Characters", the "Kang Xi Chinese Dictionary", or other generally accepted Chinese dictionaries.
The specific part and form of organization shall be indicated in the corporate name, and the following characters may also be used in the corporate name:
1.Characters that identify the district;
2.Characters that identify the category of business; or
3.Characters that refer to hall, mark, trading, firm, association, enterprise, business, business development, business promotion, industrial field, industry, commerce, or business entity, which are used to identify the organization or nature of the business.Where any of the characters referred to in Item 1 of the preceding paragraph is used in a corporate name, such characters shall be placed before the specific part of said corporate name.
Where any of the characters referred to in Item 2 and Item 3 of Paragraph 1 is used in a corporate name, such characters shall be arranged in the same order as the foregoing Items and placed after the specific part but before the form of organization.
The corporate name of a foreign company shall indicate the company's nationality, which shall be placed before the district name or the specific part of the corporate name.
No company may use a corporate name that is identical to that of another registered company or limited partnership.
Whether the names of two companies or the names of a company and a limited partnership are the same shall be decided based on an overall view of the specific parts of such names. If the specific parts of such names are not the same, they shall be considered different from each other.
Where the names of two companies or the names of a company and a limited partnership contain the same specific parts, but also contain any characters that may distinguish different categories of business or any other identifying characters, such names shall be considered different from each other.
The distinguishing characters contained in a corporate name as referred to in the preceding paragraph shall not be any of the following:
1.Characters that identify the form of organization, limited partnership, or the district or that are descriptive, such as new, good, old, big/large, small, true, genuine, original, pure, real, authentic, orthodox, hall, mark, trading, firm, or association.
2.If the names of two companies or the names of a company and a limited partnership contain the same specific parts and indicate the same category of business, the characters added thereafter indicating the organization or nature of the business, such as enterprise, business, business development, business promotion, industrial field, industry, commerce, or business entity.
Where the change of a corporate name is necessary due to a merger, and the new corporate name after the merger is a combination of the specific parts of the corporate names of the surviving company and the dissolved company, and their specific parts contain a district name, said district name may be placed after the specific part of the new corporate name.
Only one category of business may be reflected in a corporate name.
The restriction set forth in the preceding paragraph does not apply to a foreign company that has submitted an evidentiary document certified by a competent representative office of the Republic of China overseas.
Where a corporate name contains characters indicating a business that requires special permission as set forth in Paragraph 1, Article 17 of the Act, said specially permitted business shall be registered and listed in the business scope. If said specially permitted business is neither registered nor listed in the business scope, or such special permission is revoked or its registration is cancelled, an application to change the corporate name shall be filed.
The specific part of a corporate name shall not contain:
1.Only one character;
2.A series of four or more of the same character or two or more characters for the same phrase;
3.The name of the Republic of China or any other country, except where the corporate name of a foreign company contains the name of its home country; or
4.The characters set forth in Item 2 and Item 3, Paragraph 1, Article 6 of these Regulations or those of the name of a commodity.Characters that reflect any of the following shall not be used in a corporate name:
1.Administrative office, service center, welfare center, activity center, farmers’ association, fishermen’s association, trade association, industrial union, institution, joint society, welfare society, cooperative, symposium, seminar, production or sales class, research institute, firm, social association, social club, mutual assistance association, service station, university, college, cultural relics gallery, community, temple, fund, association, judicial person of corporation or foundation, or any name that may mislead the public into believing that the company has any connection with the government or a public welfare organization;
2.Limited partnership or any other characters that are sufficient to indicate a limited partnership;
3.Affiliate, business relations, relationship, group, alliance, franchise, or any other characters indicating a joint business operation;
4.Characters that would be mistakenly thought to be relevant to the professional service scope of specialized technicians;
5.Characters that would be mistakenly thought to be a business not operated by a profit-seeking enterprise; or
6.Any other inappropriate characters.
The business scopes of a company shall be stated using the codes and business types set forth in the MOEA’s List of Codes of Business Items of Companies, Firms, and Limited Partnerships, but a statement in code and business type that only indicates that the business "may operate any business not prohibited or restricted by laws or regulations, except for those that require special permission" is not allowed.
A Reservation Application shall be denied if the business to be operated by the company to be incorporated:
1.Would violate public order or good morals;
2.Could be operated only by specific professional(s) or technical personnel;
3.Is not a business operated by any profit-seeking enterprise;
4.Can only be operated by the government in accordance with the law; or
5.Would fulfill any other prohibition prescribed by laws or regulations.
An approval or denial decision shall be rendered on a Reservation Application. The proposed corporate names shall be examined and approved in the order in which they are listed in the Reservation Application, and only one of the proposed corporate names shall be approved. An order requiring a correction or modification shall be issued in the event of any typographic error or unclear description in the business scope.
These Regulations shall take effect as of November 30, 2015.